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Generation 5 - The Classical and Denominational Colleges 1820s-1850s

Private, denominational colleges emerged that were characterized by their region.  They were as follows:
  • Northeast - classical, pre-professional, liberal education that catered to the cultural elite.  This contributed to deep loyalty within the student body.
  • East - denominational schools created, attended, taught, and administered primarily by church's members
  • West - created primarily by towns and religious organizations to boost cultural and economic status
    • first curricula mirrored after classical format since leaders often alumni of northeastern institutions.  Added practical department to address needs of locality
    • 1860 - average size of colleges was 56 students
  • South - primarily state universities that catered to sons of planter aristocracy

The Yale Report of 1828 defended classical curriculum by stating that its purpose was to "discipline the mind" and that professional training should be relegated to other institutions.