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Generation 4 - The Passing of Republican Education 1800-1820s

Questions of ownership, mission, curricula, and control led to the creation of professional and denominational institutions as a counter to classical institutions.
  • Classical institutions - embraced higher entrance requirements and Latin and Greek languages since they promoted mental discipline and cultural superiority
  • Professional - many created by classical institutions but ran independently and focused more on specific fields/professions
  • Denominational - primarily religious schools and seminaries that focused on modern languages and philology

The Dartmouth College Case of 1819 stated that New Hampshire legislature could not modify the school charter without a just reason.  It protected colleges from state interference, addressed ownership of institutions, and eastern provincial colleges became fully private.