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Republican to Classical, 1776-1850s

The Revolutionary War sparked new ideals with respect to the purpose of higher education.  A new movement towards a republican education sought to create leaders for the country that America was becoming.  However, this vision was widely ridiculed and student unruliness caused many states to withdraw financial support.  Colleges experienced a great many difficulties near the turn of the century and focus was shifted to a change in curriculum.
 
  • American Revolution stirs political feelings
  • States without colleges charter institutions
  • University of Pennsylvania created
  • University of the State of New York created
 
  • Three types of institutions exist: classical, denominational, and professional
  • Dartmouth College Case
 
  • Private, denominational institutions characterized by region
  • Yale Report