In 1975, university enrollment was higher than 11 million students. Student enrollment stopped growing for the
first time ever.
In 1972, Title IX (Amendments to the Higher Education Act) provided student aid on the basis of need. Federal Pell
Grants were created and gave support to students who had the most need. This amendment also extended the government's
regulation over higher education.
During this period, higher education becomes recognized as being necessary for obtaining the skills one needs to function
properly in the workplace.